this is TWO PARTS regarding policing in America and American law, please provide at least 5 references
PART ONE – 250 words
- Describe characteristics that define the “modern” era of policing.
- Explain how these characteristics create a distinction between historical eras of policing.
- Explain criteria that make modern day law enforcement effective.
- Identify one significant event or decision from the “modern” era of policing.
- This item should be relatively “settled” or has been adopted or adapted to; that is, a cause and effect can be articulated. This prompt asks you to work with an event or decision for which you use present circumstances to “trace backward” a prediction.
- This item should contrast from the next part in that the second Part 2 asks for a wider issue that is ongoing and evolving and for which all causes, and effects are not fully understood or developed.
- To what degree do you believe the long-term implications of that event or decision were known at the time?
- To what degree do you think unintended consequences—positive or negative—could have been predicted?
PART TWO – 650 words
Identify a contemporary problem or case that exemplifies an emerging or evolving problem that will affect how law enforcement is applied in the future.
- Explain how past events or circumstances inform or relate to the contemporary issue.
- If past events do not relate to the contemporary issue, explain why, and explain how the issue evolved independently.
To answer these prompts, address the following:
- Is there a historic precedent for the issue?
- Is the issue one that has never been resolved?
- Explain the role law enforcement historically has played in the contemporary issue.
- Explain the role law enforcement currently has in relation to the issue.
- Explain how these various factors point to a precedent, decision, and/or policy that will affect law enforcement in the future.